Appealing a Denied Social Security Disability Claim


If your application for Social Security disability benefits was denied, don’t give up hope. You have the right to appeal the decision and possibly get your benefits approved. Here is a comprehensive guide to navigating the Social Security disability appeals process.

Understanding Your Denial Letter

The first step is carefully reviewing your denial letter from the Social Security Administration (SSA). This explains why your claim was denied and includes important details for beginning your appeal.

Some key things to look for:

  • The date of denial – You have 60 days from this date to file your appeal request. Don’t miss this deadline.
  • The reason given – Understanding why you were denied helps frame your appeal arguments. Common reasons include:
    • You are not considered disabled under SSA rules
    • Your condition is not severe enough to qualify
    • Your condition is expected to improve with treatment
  • List of evidence considered – Review which medical records and opinions the SSA based their decision on. You may need to provide additional evidence to overcome any gaps.

Levels of Appeal for Social Security Disability

There are four levels in the Social Security appeals process:


This is the first appeal after an initial denial. New medical evidence can be submitted, and a different evaluator reviews the case. Approval rates at this stage are low – around 10-15% – but it’s required before moving on.

Hearing with Administrative Law Judge

This is a more formal hearing where you can present your case before a judge. Approval rates at hearings are around 50%, so your odds are better here. Still, thorough preparation is key.

Appeals Council Review

If the judge denies your claim, you can request the Appeals Council take another look. This final SSA review approves around 25% of claims.

Federal Court

If you’re still denied after three appeals, you can file a lawsuit in federal district court. Very few applicants take their cases this far since the process can take years. An attorney is required at this stage.

Tips for a Successful Appeal

Follow these best practices when filing your Social Security disability appeal for the best chance of approval:

  • Meet deadlines – File appeal requests on time and respond to all SSA letters promptly. Missed deadlines can lead to dismissal.
  • Get a disability lawyer – Having expert representation greatly improves your odds. Many disability attorneys work on a contingency fee basis.
  • See your doctor – Get current medical records and a supportive letter from your doctor explaining how your condition prevents you from working.
  • Gather evidence – In addition to medical records, collect things like letters from friends and family observing your condition, journals documenting your symptoms, and statements about how your disability impacts daily activities.
  • Anticipate questions – Be ready to explain how your disability specifically prevents work rather than just causing general impairment. Prepare answers to common judge questions.
  • Personalize your hearing – Highlight your unique situation and put a human face on your disability struggle. This can influence the judge’s decision.
  • Stay positive – Understand that denials are common early in the process. Persistence and patience are key.

Don’t Give Up!

The Social Security appeals system can be long and frustrating, but many people who appeal their denials eventually get approved. With proper documentation and legal support, you can successfully argue your case and get the disability benefits you deserve. Perseverance and a strong appeal strategy are key to winning SSDI.

Here are some additional resources that you may find helpful:

  • Social Security Administration website:
  • National Organization of Social Security Claimants’ Representatives:
  • Social Security Disability Help: